Research Areas & Publications

Follow each hyperlinked research description to learn more and find published articles.

This new research group investigates the political, social, legal, and normative underpinnings of successful and politically sustainable local, national, and global markets.

Backlash, Contested Authority, International Law and Nationalist Populism
In 2017, I started to write and publish more directly on the issue of backlash and contestation regarding international law. This is actually an old theme for me as throughout my career I have investigated backlash, constestation over international law, and how international law and international courts fare in confrontations with nationalist and populist governments. Some recent and older work is listed here.

Comparative International Courts
This research examines a variety of questions related to creation and varying usage of international courts.  I compare international courts in different functional roles, across issues areas (economic courts, human rights, and international criminal law) and across time and space, and trace the spread of European international judicial models.  The ultimate goal is to determine the conditions under which international courts become politically salient and influential

International Regime Complexity
This research explores how the plurality of overlapping international institutions addressing similar issues—so called international regime complexes—is itself shaping of international relations.

International Legal Transplants: The Andean Tribunal of Justice
This body of research, undertaken in collaboration with Laurence Helfer, constitutes a deep systematic case study of a supranational legal transplant. We examine why Andean leaders chose to copy the European Court of Justice, how the ATJ interacts with its interlocutors, the influence of the ATJ on Andean Intellectual Property law, and why the ATJ’s experience has been so different compared to the European Court.  This comparison reveals how context shapes the development of international judicial institutions.

Africa’s International Courts
This body of research, undertaken in collaboration with Laurence Helfer, explores Africa’s very new international courts to see how international courts build political support and legitimacy in developing country contexts.  We examine the human rights and economic law politics of the ECOWAS Community Court, and political backlash in response to international judicial intervention.

The European Court of Justice’s Political Power
This series of articles and books considers how the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has shaped different aspects of European Community politics.  It examines why national court’s accepted the ECJ’s ambitious legal claims regarding the supremacy of European law, how the ECJ’s influence varies across countries and issues, the relationship between the ECJ and national governments, and the role of the ECJ in the Economic Community as compared to the Coal and Steel Community.