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Research on Gender at Northwestern

The following captures a small portion of research conducted by faculty at Northwestern on the topic of gender.


Paola Sapienza

How Stereotypes Impair Women’s Career in Science [Abstract], (Ernesto Reuben, Paola Sapienza,  and Luigi Zingales), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2014, Vol 111(12): 4403-4408.

Gender differences in financial risk aversion and career choices are affected by testosterone (Paola Sapienza, Dario Maestripieri and Luigi Zingales), August 25, 2009, Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences [PNAS link].


Lauren Rivera: 

Rivera, Lauren. 2017. When Two Bodies Are (Not) a Problem: Gender and Relationship Status Discrimination in Academic Hiring. American Sociological Review. 82: 1111-1138.

Rivera, Lauren, and Andras Tilcsik. 2017. Scaling Down Gender Inequality: Reducing Gender Bias in Performance Evaluations.

Rivera, Lauren, and Jayanti Owens. 2017. Who Wins the Tournament of Lawyers? Gender, Race, and Performance in Promotions to Partner.

Rivera, Lauren, and Jayanti Owens. 2017. Glass Floors and Glass Ceilings: The Effect of Pairing Female Job Applicants with Female Evaluators in Job Interviews.

Rivera, Lauren, and Andras Tilcsik. 2016. Class Advantage, Commitment Penalty: The Interplay of Social Class and Gender in an Elite Labor Market. American Sociological Review. 81: 1097-1131.

Rivera, Lauren. 2012. Diversity Within Reach: Recruitment versus Hiring in Elite Firms. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 639: 70-89.


Karen J. Alter & Jean Clipperton

Alter, Karen J. and Clipperton, Jean and Schraudenbach, Emily and Rozier, Laura, Gender and Status in American Political Science: Who Determines Whether a Scholar is Noteworthy? (August 20, 2018). Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 18-21. Available at SSRN: or


Alice Eagly

Bosak, J., A. Eagly, A. Diekman, and S. Sczesny. 2018. Women and men of the past, present, and future: Evidence of dynamic gender stereotypes in GhanaJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 49(1): 115–29.

Eagly, A., and W. Wood. 2017. Gender identity: Nature and nurture working together. Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 1(1): 59–62.

Carli, L., and A. Eagly. 2016. Women face a labyrinth: An examination of metaphors for women leaders. Gender in Management 31(8): 514–27.

Eagly, A., and D. Miller. 2016. Scientific eminence: Where are the women? Perspectives in Psychological Science 11(6): 899–904

Eagly, A. 2016. When passionate advocates meet research on diversity, does the honest broker stand a chance? Journal of Social Issues 72(1): 199-222.

Through the Labyrinth: The Truth About How Women Become LeadersAlice H. EaglyLinda L. Carli


Laura Beth Nielson

Handbook of Employment Discrimination Research: Rights and Realities
(Laura Beth Neils and  Robert L. Nelson), Springer, 2005