John Paul Stevens is the third-longest serving justice in the Supreme Court’s history, holding the office from 1975 until his retirement in 2010. He received a B.A. in English from the University of Chicago before enlisting in the U.S. Navy during World War II. After the war, Justice Stevens enrolled in Northwestern Law School, where he graduated magna cum laude in 1947 and served as co-editor-in-chief of the Northwestern University Law Review. He began his career clerking for Supreme Court Justice Wiley B. Rutledge Jr. and practiced as an antitrust attorney prior to being appointed to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. President Gerald Ford nominated him for the U.S. Supreme Court in 1975, where he served for 35 years. Justice Stevens was honored with a Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama in 2012.
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