Mysticism as Deviant Religion
Case Name: Selong District Court Criminal Case of Amaq Bakri
Case Synopsis: In May 2010, a District Court in Selong, Indonesia, charged Amaq Bakri with the offense of “insulting a religion.” Amaq Bakri, a 70-year old Muslim farmer from East Lombok, had claimed to have received revelations from the Angel Gabriel and to have visited heaven on several occasions. The court sentenced Amaq Bakri to one year in prison. This case module originated in the work of Kari Telle.
Image of bird cages in Indonesia, courtesy of Kari Telle
Melissa A. Crouch, “Law and Religion in Indonesia: The Constitutional Court and the Blasphemy Law: Asian Journal of Comparative Law,” Asian Journal of Comparative Law 7, no. 1 (April 29, 2012): 1–46.
Julia D. Howell, “Muslims, the New Age and Marginal Religions in Indonesia: Changing Meanings of Religious Pluralism,” Social Compass 52, no. 4 (December 1, 2005): 473–93.
Arvind-Pal S. Mandair and Markus Dressler, “Introduction: Modernity, Religion-Making, and the Postsecular,” in Secularism and Religion-Making, eds. Markus Dressler & Arvind-Pal S. Mandair (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011): 3-36.